Te Maramataka: The Calendar

Ko te aha tēnei rā? What day is this?

Resource sheet 1D Ngā rā o te wiki

Days and dates

days of week meaning

Resource sheet 1E Ngā marama o te tau Māori

When is your birthday?

my brithday is

ko te aha ra to birthday

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EdVenture: Learning with Core Education


Today Whaea Rachel (Wai Rua), Whaea Toru and Vashti (Mainstream) attended a course on integrating ipapa (ipads) and rorohiko (computers) into classrooms to flip classrooms and get language acquisition flying.

Here’s the basic message:

To acquire language and make it sticky use

We’ve been learning how to use apps to apply flipped classrooms (where children learn at their pace) and to apply the best language acquisition teaching. This is relevant for both mainstream and immersion/bilingual classes.

If you check out the links on the right, you’ll see a range of new links. Puna Kupu is a word spring. There are a range of links to dictionaries and even an exciting way of checking whether those words should have a macron or not. Now we have no excuses for not finding the words if we need to! We also have links to some paetukutuku or websites that have a strong maori focus to support us on our journey.

We’d like to thank Core Education for setting us on an exciting journey with te reo maori and flipped classrooms. Check out their EdTalks for inspiring talks about education. The Maori channel Matapaki features Maori educators leading the way for the aspirations of te tiriti o waitangi to be realised.



What is Matariki?

Matariki is the Māori name for  a group of stars. The science name is the Pleiades and instead of ‘group’ they call it a star cluster. It signalled the start of the Māori New Year for some tribes. Maori people followed a lunar calendar. That means that the months were organised around the moon. Marama is the name for moon. That is why the calendar is called Maramataka.

When is Matariki?

Matariki appeared just before dawn in late May or early June. Different tribes celebrated Matariki at different times. Some celebrated when it was first seen. Some celebrated at the first new moon or full moon after the Matariki was seen. We now celebrate Matariki as the new Maori year, when the first full moon is seen.

How to find Matariki

Click on the picture to find out how to find it!


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Find out about Matariki on te Ara:

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The Myth of Matariki

The Seven Stars of Matariki

An author reads her story of the Seven Stars of Matariki


How to make a manu taratahi
Follow these instructions to make a triangular child’s kite:
Figure 1: Lay the feathered toetoe stalks on top of the unfeathered stalk as shown. Bind the stalks together with string.
Figure 2: Lace together dry raupō leaves in groups of six. Start at the wide end of the frame and tie the string to the middle stalk, then lace the leaves as shown. Tie off after the sixth leaf. Repeat this on the side stalks. Continue lacing groups of six until finished.
Figure 3: Balance the centre of the kite on a broom and trim the leaves. Attach the bridle.



Integrating Studies of Culture into Literacy

As part of the literacy programme for Middle School Children, Hub 6, comprised of four Year 3 and 4 classes, has been teaching guided reading using School Journals with articles and stories on different cultures.

There have been a range of cultures and lifestyles available to learn from- Samoan, Iranian, Afghani, to name a few. While the stories have been about different people coming to New Zealand or living overseas, the learning intention has been to question as you read.

The questioning objective helps children to organise basic information about the culture, place or activity written about:


It also gives children a chance to dig a little deeper using Should, Could or Would questions. The focus has been on asking questions before reading to predict; asking questions during reading to clarify; asking questions after reading to summarise.

The next step in integrating te reo into this would be to use the maori question vocabulary.

Learning about other cultures comes under the umbrella of the Treaty of Waitangi because it is acknowledged that by recognising maori culture, the children then have the opportunity to examine their own cultures and then examine the cultures of other people.

So what impact has this had on understanding culture and accepting difference? One group of children have been learning to write letters to the editor after seeing Australian politicians in the news saying people had the right to be bigots. Reading groups have been learning to tackle non-English words and use context such as photographs and surrounding text to help understand this vocabulary. Prior to this, many of the children glossed over the words and did not attempt them.

One child, after reading their article, commented:

Hey! This book has brown people like me! I wish all the books were like this!!

Integrating cultural study into a deep guided reading session has revealed more to children than a superficial glimpse of another country. They have been learning to question what they see, find out what they don’t know and check their understanding, not just in reading but in the way they approach information about other cultures.


Pangarau- Maths

Our math facilitator tricked the class with these numbers

Our math facilitator tricked the class with these numbers

One maths warm up we use is to guess what numbers we are thinking of. Instead of using just yes/no, try using ae/kao.


Count to Ten

Here are the teen numbers

Here is a drill for counting in 10s to 100

Here is a drill for counting in 100s to 1000.

Count above 100

Count in 100os to 10, 000

Numbers that can also be the year (between 1000 to 3000)

Also try using te reo as a category, and maybe even introducing categories such as shape names and time.


Te Whanau Taparau (Shapes)

Here is a link to an NZ Maths activity on te whanau taparau (shapes)

Vocabulary from that resource:

porohita = circle
whanau = family
taparau = polygons
tapatoru = triangle
tapawha = square
whakarara = parallelogram
rangiwhitu = diameter
putoro = radius
pae = circumference
tapatoru rite nui = a large equilateral triangle
puku = tummy
e toru, nga tapatoru rite = made from 3 smaller equilateral triangles
whakarara rite = a rhombus
taparara = trapezium
tapawha rite = a square tapawha
hangai = an oblong
koeko tapatoru = a triangular pyramid
ahu 3 = 3 dimensions
tapa ono rite = regular hexagon
kai = food
e ono, tapatoru rite = 6 equilateral triangles

A student used Ae and Kao to organise the numbers

A student used Ae and Kao to organise the numbers

Telling the time in Maori

Te taima – The time

He aha te taima? – What is the time?

Hei tauira:

Kua rima karaka. It’s five o’clock.
Koata pāhi i te ono karaka. It’s quarter past six.
Hāwhe pāhi i te waru karaka. It’s half past eight.
Hāpāhi i te toru karaka. It’s half past three.
Tekau meneti ki te iwa karaka. It’s ten minutes to nine o’clock.
Rima meneti pāhi i te toru karaka. It’s five minutes past three o’clock.
Kohi-tātea January
Hui-tanguru February
Poutū-te-rangi March
Paenga-whāwhā April
Haratua May
Pipiri June
Hōngongoi July
Here-turi-kōkā August
Mahuru September
Whiringa-ā-nuku October
Whiringa-ā-rangi November
Hakihea December
Rāhina Monday
Rātū Tuesday
Rāapa Wednesday
Rāpare Thursday
Rāmere Friday
Rāhoroi Saturday
Rātapu Sunday

Taonga/ Family Treasures

A lot of people come to live in New Zealand from different countries. We often have treasures from other cultures. What treasures does your family have? Why are they special? They might have been owned by special people. They might be valuable or very old. Some family treasures are information- what we know about our history and our family trees.